The invention of electricity – Traditionally the discovery of electricity tends to be attributed to characters like Benjamin Franklin (inventor and one of the founding fathers of the USA), however you must be careful, because electricity was NOT invented by anyone since it is not something that can be invented, since it has always been part of nature.
But why is Benjamin Franklin associated then? Many people think that it was Franklin who invented electricity for his famous kite flying experiments in 1752 . Franklin tied a key to a kite string during a thunderstorm and was able to show that static electricity and lighting were the same. Franklin also showed that lightning was a form of electricity .
That is, no one invented electricity, but its modern use is the result of the work of different inventors, scientists, and researchers who have worked on the subject for millennia. To fully understand electricity in our modern world, then, one must first understand the pioneers dating back to the ancient Greeks, and contemplate their work to harness the natural power of electricity and turn it into something useful to people.
Electricity In History
The history of electricity begins not with electricity as we know it today, but with a more rudimentary form, static electricity. According to historical documents, the first known discovery of static electricity dates back to the 6th century BC. C. , Where a man named Thales of Miletus realized that rubbing one object against another would cause the two objects to attract each other. Amazed by this phenomenon, he began to rub all kinds of objects, although his greatest success was with amber, to the point that it could form sparks.
Unfortunately, despite all this, the study of electricity did not take off until the 1550s and it was then that the Italian physicist, Girolamo Cardano , began to do work that involved electrical and magnetic forces.
In the 18th century the first capacitor was invented and it was determined that static electricity could be transformed into an electric current (around this time Benjamin Franklin also did his experiment with the electrical storm). Finally, in the 19th century a whole series of even more surprising discoveries in the field of electricity would take place thanks to characters such as Nikola Tesla, Thomas Edison or Alexander Graham Bell , among others, who worked to create some of the most incredible related inventions with electricity. These inventions included the induction motor, the light bulb and a method of electric power distribution, the long-range telegraph, the telephone, the first locomotive powered by electricity, or the foundation of the telephone industry.
Other curiosities about electricity
- Electricity travels at the speed of light – nearly 300 million meters per second!
- A spark of static electricity can measure 3,000 volts .
- Lightning can measure up to 3 million volts , and it lasts less than a second!
- Electricity always tries to find the easiest way to the ground .
- Electricity can be made from wind, water, sun, and even animal manure .
- The first power plant , owned by Thomas Edison, opened in New York City in 1882.
- Thomas Edison did not invent the first light bulb, but he did invent the one that stayed on for more than a few seconds.
- Thomas Edison invented more than 2,000 new products, including almost everything we need to use electricity in our homes: switches, fuses, sockets, and meters.
- Benjamin Franklin did not discover electricity, but he did show that lightning is a form of electrical energy .