Scientists Who Invented Dynamite In 1867? In the 19th century, specifically in the year 1867, the scientist Alfred Nobel discovered one of the most powerful explosive elements during the course of his investigations, dynamite, a discovery that undoubtedly marked a before and after in humanity.
Although the purpose for which it was created was for pacifist purposes, the truth is that this element was key during the wars of contemporary history.
Who Invented Dynamite?
The history of dynamite begins when Alfred Nobel graduated from the United States as a chemist and went to Stockholm to carry out different studies on some volatile elements, also delving into the production and development of nitroglycerin as an explosive, looking for a way to compact this ingredient.
For this, it added an additive to what is known as diatom powder, which is nothing more than absorbent and porous mineral earth that when mixed with liquid nitroglycerin becomes dense, making it a paste that is easy to store and transport.
- When both substances come into contact, they modify their molecular structure through different processes, resulting in large proportions of gases that are expelled in a violent way.
- Dynamite and its evolution over time The result was named by Alfred Nobel dynamite, a material that made him famous and rich years later.
- Before his discovery, the scientist also invented red bars to cover this material, and a detonator to be able to blow it up at a certain distance, which he named “blasting plug”.
The first dynamite was classified according to the nitroglycerin load they carried, in such a way that the product obtained from mixing for example sixty units of this material received the name of “60% dynamite”. Over time, the studies progressed to find better results and in this way, it was discovered that certain materials could be substituted to give rise to explosives more powerful than the original dynamite.
Later dynamite was manufactured without any nitroglycerin content, using nitrostarch instead, so that the term dynamite remained as a generic name for any explosive material with high potency.
Although dynamite was created for use in mining, quarrying, and general construction, it must be said that thanks to it, satellites and space shuttles can be launched outside our planet. Unfortunately, dynamite has also been used since its invention, for other non-beneficial purposes such as the war industry, becoming a very active ingredient in the military armament that has accompanied and continues to do so, to numerous war campaigns.
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Fun Facts About Dynamite!!
Both dynamite and the Nobel prizes that are awarded to personalities and scientists have one point in common: Alfred Nobel, who as we have said is the creator of this material and whose career as a splendid scientist, led to the creation of this institution in charge of granting such acknowledgments.
- The richest homeless man in all of Europe is the nickname that Victor Hugo gave to Nobel due to the number of laboratories that he had distributed in more than twenty countries and for almost four hundred patents he registered and still preferred to lead a nomadic life.
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Another curious fact is that dynamite, that explosive material stronger than gunpowder itself, has as much energy as coal, fat, and even sugar.